Hubungan antara Tingkat Stres Akademik dengan Kejadian Dispepsia pada Siswa Kelas XII IPA di SMA Negeri 81 Kota Jakarta Timur Tahun 2019

Lamya Hisyam Tamimi, Ryan Herardi, Sri Wahyuningsih

Abstract

Pendahuluan. Dispepsia merupakan sekumpulan gejala yang diduga berasal dari saluran pencernaan bagian atas. Penyebab dispepsia yang cukup umum pada remaja salah satunya karena keadaan stres seperti tekanan belajar atau faktor akademik. Tujuan dari penelitian ini ialah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara tingkat stres akademik dengan kejadian dispepsia pada siswa remaja kelas XII IPA.

Metode. Penelitian dengan desain potong lintang dilakukan di SMA Negeri 81 Kota Jakarta Timur menggunakan instrumen penelitian berupa kuesioner educational stress scale for adolescents (ESSA) dan short form-leeds to dyspepsia questionnare (SF-LDQ). Teknik sampling penelitian menggunakan total sampling dengan sampel berjumlah 88 siswa. Analisis bivariat dilakukan dengan uji Chi-square menggunakan program SPSS.

Hasil. Responden sebanyak 88 siswa terdiri dari 41 (46,6%) laki-laki dan 47 (53,4%) perempuan yang didominasi oleh siswa berusia 17 tahun (77,3%). Didapatkan hampir seluruh responden mengalami tingkat stres akademik sedang hingga tinggi sebanyak 64 orang siswa (72,7%) yang didominasi oleh perempuan dan usia 17 tahun. Sebanyak 51 orang siswa (58%) mengalami dispepsia yang didominasi oleh perempuan dan usia 17 tahun. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan gejala yang dianggap paling mengganggu oleh responden yang menderita dispepsia adalah mual sebanyak 21 orang (41,2%) dan diikuti dengan indigesti sebanyak 18 orang (35,3%). Pada analisis bivariat didapatkan hubungan bermakna antara tingkat stres akademik dengan kejadian dispepsia (p<0,001; OR=7,1 [interval kepercayaan [IK] 95% 2,44-20,68]).

Simpulan. Penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa terdapat hubungan bermakna antara tingkat stres akademik dengan kejadian dispepsia pada siswa SMA Negeri 81 Kota Jakarta Timur.

Kata Kunci: Dispepsia, remaja, stres akademik

The Association between Academic-Induced Stress with an Incident of Dyspepsia on Grade XII Natural Science Majors at 81 Senior High School East Jakarta in 2019

Introduction. Dyspepsia is a group of symptoms that are assumed to have it’s source from the upper digestive tract. However, one of the main causes of dyspepsia in adolescent is psychosocial, including stress. Stress in adolescent are commonly academic-induced. This study was aimed to observe the association between the level of academic-induced stress with an incident of dyspepsia, particularly of students who are in grade XII and major in natural sciences.

Methods. This cross sectional study was conducted at 81 Senior High School East Jakarta using educational stress scale for adolescents (ESSA) questionnaire dan Short form-Leeds to dyspepsia questionnare (SF-LDQ). It also uses total sampling technique where 88 respondents have participated and then sampled. Bivariate analysis was performed by Chi-square test using the SPSS program.

Results. The respondents were 88 students consisted of 41 (46.6%) boys, 47 (53.4%) girls, and were dominated by 17-year-old students (77.3%). Almost all respondents experience mid-to-high level of academic stress that around 64 students (72.7%) and dominated by girls and age 17. It is also shown that around 51 students (58%) have experienced dyspepsia and dominated by girl and age 17. This study also shown that the symptoms that were considered as the most disturbing by respondents that are suffering from dyspepsia were nausea that around 21 (41.2%), followed by indigestion that around 18 (35.3%). The result of bivariate analysis shows that there was a significant association between the level of academic-induced stress with an incident of dyspepsia (p<0.001; OR=7.1 [CI 95% 2.44-20.68]).

Conclusions.  There is apparently a significant association between academic-induced stress with an incident of dyspepsia on grade XII natural science majors at 81 Senior High School East Jakarta in 2019.


Keywords

Academic-induced stress, adolescents, dyspepsia

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.